Effects of Government Policies, Strategies, and the Political System on Intergroup Relations among University Students in Ethiopia

By Abebaw Y. Adamu.

Published by The International Journal of Community Diversity

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: January 15, 2015 $US5.00

The current government of Ethiopia came to power in 1991 and introduced an ethnic-based federal system to address the long-existing ethnic and other political and societal problems. However, contrary to the very problem it was intended to address, the implementation of ethnic federalism in Ethiopia seems to have created more problems than it solved. University students—as a microcosm of Ethiopian society—have faced several problems related to government administration and the political system. This paper focuses on examining the effects of government policies, strategies, and the political system on intergroup relations among ethnically diverse university students in Ethiopia. The participants were students and teachers selected using purposeful and snowball sampling. The necessary data were collected through interviews and focus groups. The result indicated that the higher education student placement strategy, language policy and implementation, ethnic-based political party membership, and other factors influence the intergroup relations among students from different ethnic backgrounds. These factors have contributed to the deteriorating intergroup relations, and ethnic tensions and conflicts on campus, which in turn has affected academic and social life.

Keywords: Intergroup Relations, Policies, Strategies, Political System, University Students

International Journal of Community Diversity, Volume 13, Issue 4, January 2015, pp.1-10. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: January 15, 2015 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 174.222KB)).

Dr. Abebaw Y. Adamu

Lecturer and Researcher, Faculty of Humanities, Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia