The Relationship between Political Development and Economic Development in I. R. of Iran (1985-2010): Diversity in Perspective (1985-2010)

By Seyed Javad Emamjomehzadeh, Asieh Mahdipour and Maryam Farahani.

Published by The International Journal of Community Diversity

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In the arena of development sociology and political economy, various ideas are available concerning the priority of economic development or political development that can be generally divided into three patterns. 1) First pattern as an oppositional one considers no logical and effective relationship between political development and economic development and even sometimes refers to unproductive effect between these two. 2) Compatibility pattern believes that political development makes smooth the way of economic development. 3) Pessimistic pattern maintains that there is a possibility in long run to see a kind of compromising; however, in short run because of many other variables, such a relationship is very far reaching. The aim of this paper is to study the relationship between political development and economic development in I.R. of Iran (1985-2010). In this regard, through descriptive analytical methodology and Granger causality, theoretical framework is explained and the relationship is empirically elaborated. Variable of economic development is GNP growth of Iran in the specified period of study, and variables of political development are 11 variables including internal and external conflicts, corruption, democratic accountability, ethnic tensions, law and order, government stability, military in politics, religious tensions, bureaucracy quality and political risk. Findings derived from descriptive statistical analysis show that in Iran economic development prepares the way for political development but political development has not caused economic development. The findings confirm the pessimistic pattern in I.R. of Iran.

Keywords: Political Development, Economic Development, Iran, Granger Causality

The International Journal of Community Diversity, Volume 12, Issue 4, pp.1-9. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 348.405KB).

Dr. Seyed Javad Emamjomehzadeh

Associate Professor and Dean of the Faculty, Econimics, Political Science Department, Faculty of Administrative Science, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran (Islamic Republic of)

He was born in 1964 in Isfahan (Iran). After finishing his high school he entered in the University of Imam Sadegh (Tehran) and got his BA and MA in political science. In 1991 he started hisPh.D in political science at the University of Brussels (Belgium)and got hisPh.D in 1995.He hasbeen employed as an assistant professor at the department of political science (University of Isfahan - Iran).Since 1995 he has been many times as a head of the department and there are almost five years now that he is as a Dean of the Faculty of Administrative Science and Economics.( This Faculty includes five departments: Economics, Management, Political Science, Accounting, and Law). He is now associate professor and has around 40 articles and participated in many conferences in Canada, Australia, Switzerland, Germany, Russia, Brazil and so on.

Asieh Mahdipour

University of Isfahan, Ilam, Ilam, Iran (Islamic Republic of)

She is a Ph.D student of political science at the University of Isfahan, Iran

Maryam Farahani

University of Isfahan, Isfahahn, Isfahan, Iran (Islamic Republic of)

She is a Ph.D student of economics at the University of Isfahan, Iran