In the arena of development sociology and political economy, various ideas are available concerning the priority of economic development or political development that can be generally divided into three patterns. 1) First pattern as an oppositional one considers no logical and effective relationship between political development and economic development and even sometimes refers to unproductive effect between these two. 2) Compatibility pattern believes that political development makes smooth the way of economic development. 3) Pessimistic pattern maintains that there is a possibility in long run to see a kind of compromising; however, in short run because of many other variables, such a relationship is very far reaching. The aim of this paper is to study the relationship between political development and economic development in I.R. of Iran (1985-2010). In this regard, through descriptive analytical methodology and Granger causality, theoretical framework is explained and the relationship is empirically elaborated. Variable of economic development is GNP growth of Iran in the specified period of study, and variables of political development are 11 variables including internal and external conflicts, corruption, democratic accountability, ethnic tensions, law and order, government stability, military in politics, religious tensions, bureaucracy quality and political risk. Findings derived from descriptive statistical analysis show that in Iran economic development prepares the way for political development but political development has not caused economic development. The findings confirm the pessimistic pattern in I.R. of Iran.
|Keywords:||Political Development, Economic Development, Iran, Granger Causality|
Associate Professor and Dean of the Faculty, Econimics, Political Science Department, Faculty of Administrative Science, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran (Islamic Republic of)
University of Isfahan, Ilam, Ilam, Iran (Islamic Republic of)
University of Isfahan, Isfahahn, Isfahan, Iran (Islamic Republic of)